Land and One Household One Hectare Policy

Land

On 23 to 24 June 2017, the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) hosted a stakeholder consultative session. The objective of the session was to provide feedback to the department’s stakeholders on the department’s programmes. This article will focus mainly on the One Household One Hectare (1HH 1H) Policy feedback. The DRDLR highlighted that the focus of the 1HH 1H programme is growth through redistribution. The policy gives effect to the department’s mandate for access to land on an equitable basis. It also secures tenure of beneficiaries who are on that specific piece of land. The one household one hectare programme was launched by the Minister of DRDLR in November 2015.The department alluded to the Stats SA report indicating that lack of access to food in households declined and that the percentage of persons with access to food has increased from 2010 to date. Through the 1HH 1H policy, the DRDLR hopes to increase this percentage in rural areas. Both state and communal arable land currently not utilized, including farms acquired in terms of the Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy (PLAS), land acquired under the Restitution Act and land acquired for settlement of labour tenants. Qualifying households are assisted to acquire a site on which to operate and plant. In instances where communal land is utilized, traditional leaders play a central role. To be beneficiaries, households are required to organize themselves into registered cooperatives. Produce is delivered to processing facilities through primary cooperatives to Agri Parks for processing and to the market. These primary cooperatives take up ownership in the processing facilities. Further, the primary cooperatives form secondary cooperatives that take up equity in the 70% ownership share in the AgriParks. Secondary cooperatives then have representation in tertiary cooperatives and take up share equity in the RUMCs. Each of the cooperatives must save 10% of its profits which are in turn reinvested in the production to ensure sustainability. The DRDLR provides funding for infrastructure and production units. Local and district municipalities also play a key role in this programme. During the consultative session, the Acting Director General of DRDLR highlighted the fact that whilst the department’s programmes may seem like a duplication of one another, they are in fact initiated to enhance the already existing initiatives. The programme is set to be rolled out again in the 2017/18 financial year and a budget has been allocated for its implementation across the various provincial districts.

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Land

Author: Yolisa Mfaise,Legal Advisor, Agri SA.